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Expert(s) for : Philosophie politique
Ryoa Chung is an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the Université de Montréal. She was a visiting doctoral student at the École Normale Supérieure de Fontenay/St-Cloud (Paris, 1997), and completed her PhD in Philosophy at the Université de Montréal (2001) under the supervision of Daniel M. Weinstock. She was a visiting scholar at Columbia University (2002) and the Harvard School of Public Health (2003).
Her fields of research are ethics in international relations and applied political philosophy, particularly in the field of global health. She is also interested in feminist perspectives in the field of international ethics.
She published in such journals as Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, and Public Health Ethics, and in collective works including Questions d'éthique contemporaine (under the direction of L. Thiaw-Po-Une, Stock, 2006) and Bioethics in Canada (under the co-direction of C. Weijer, A. Skelton and S. Brennan, Oxford University Press, 2013).
She is also the author of the Soft Power and Domination entries in the Global Justice Encyclopedia (under the direction of D. Chatterjee, Springer, 2012). With Matthew R. Hunt, she co-wrote the chapter Justice and Health Inequalities in Humanitarian Crises. Structured Health Vulnerabilities and Natural Disasters in Health Inequalities and Global Justice (P. T. Lenard and C. Straehle co-eds, Edinburgh University Press, 2012), and published papers with co-authors L. Eckenwiler and C. Straehle in Bioethics, and with co-authors M. Johri, A. Dawson, T. Schrecker in Globalization and Health. With Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer, she co-edited the book Éthique des relations internationales (Presses universitaires de France, 2013).
- Political philosophy
- History of political ideas
- Theories of democracy
- Theories of justice
- Just war
- Transitional justice
My research is divided into 2 main categories: contemporary political philosophy and the history of political ideas from the Renaissance to the 19th century. These 2 categories also reflect the content of my courses and seminars.
In contemporary political philosophy, my work deals with questions of post-war transitional justice (rebuilding institutions, penal justice, truth and reconciliation commissions, collective memory, etc.), where my main theoretical interests are the issues of collective responsibility and democratic deliberation. Generally speaking, my research - both on social justice and democracy issues and on immigration - is in line with work on neo-republicanism. In moral philosophy, I take a consequentialist approach.
My publications on the history of ideas deal with relations between political freedom and authority, from the 15th to the 19th centuries, more specifically on the republican tradition since the Renaissance. In that connection, I have focused particularly on the work of Machiavelli, Jean Bodin, Hobbes and Rousseau.
- Economic and social ethics
- Philosophy of economics
- Political philosophy
- Theory of justice
- Fiscal justice
My main research interests converge on questions of distribution in economic and social ethics and are organized around 2 themes. The 1st lies at the heart of the literature on theories of justice. Here I am working on the question of how the co-operative surplus is distributed among different contributors to the production process. I am also seeking answers to questions in the contemporary debate on liberal egalitarianism, such as the moral justification of the influence of talents or certain systemic factors on the well-being of members of society.
The 2nd research theme has to do with questions of a more applied nature. Although distributive justice is linked in many ways with economic issues and their institutionalization, this link is often neglected in contemporary political philosophy. A good example is the tax system. Although theories of distributive justice regularly call on the tax system as a tool for redistribution, they rarely analyze the operation of this system and the implications of its operation on distributive justice itself. In this context, I am currently working on a normative evaluation of the phenomenon of tax competition, i.e. competition among jurisdictions to attract outside capital.
- Theory of collective rights
- Theory of nationalism
- Liberal political philosophy
- Theory of recognition
- Community view of language
My research concerns the theory of recognition of persons and peoples. I am trying to determine to what extent politics of recognition can fit with a liberal-inspired political philosophy. The hypothesis I am studying is that politics of recognition must take the form of a regime of individual and collective rights.
I am also studying the relationships between nationalism and liberalism. In that context, the focus must be on examining the collective right of peoples to self-determination. Nationalism is perhaps just the attempt to secure that right. Thus understood, nationalism and liberalism can become compatible. In the philosophy of language, I am interested in the concept of linguistic community. This approach would make it possible to take into account the collective dimension of language, whether it is related to peoples or other kinds of national groups.